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Did you know why Sajjangarh Fort is also known as Monsoon Palace?

The “Territory of the Ruling Elites” Rajasthan, is known for its numerous magnificent forts and palaces. Sajjangarh Palace, however, is a truly amazing structure & an example for the same. It was built by the 72nd ruler of the Mewar dynasty, “Maharana Sajjan Singh” at a height of 3100 feet. Sajjangarh is how it came to be known.

monsoon palace
Source : japjitravel

Although Udaipur is known as the “City of Lakes” it also has a large number of magnificent castles. And Sajjangarh comes at the first place.

However, you may also know it by the name Monsoon Palace. Nevertheless, very few people are aware of the origins of this title. Let us tell you about the entire instance which led this to happen.

History Behind the Name

A visionary leader, Maharana Sajjan Singh is credited as being the “Builder” of the palace. He carried out numerous developmental projects, such as expanding the infrastructure for roads, water supply, and other civil work. He also instituted civil administration and courts. His reign (1874–1884) lasted just 10 years.

sajjan singh ji
Maharana Sajjan Singh Ji
Source: wordpress

But his largest undertaking was the construction of the Sajjan Garh Palace, or the Monsoon Palace. It was planned to serve as the western backdrop to the city of Udaipur.

Initially a nine-storey complex was envisioned by Maharana Sajjan Singh Ji. It was planned to serve as an “astronomical center” and to track monsoon clouds. Moreover to accommodate as a family resort too.

But before he could complete the fort, fate made him meet the untimely death.

Hence Maharana Fateh Singh Ji, successor of the clan, took the pain on his shoulders for the completion of the complex. Nonetheless he succeeded in making the project possible.

maharana fateh singh ji
Maharana Fateh Singh Ji
Source: wikiwand

Moreover Fateh Singh Ji occupied the building for watching monsoon clouds and hence the name – “Monsoon Palace”. The royal family also used it as a hunting lodge.

maharana fateh singh ji going for hunt
Source: clevelandart

Some Interesting facts

  • Monsoon palace is best visited during the monsoon season to see the clouds, endless hills of greenery, and a few light showers. As it is situated at the top to give a wider view & heavenly feeling of being surrounded by clouds.
  • You can see a beautiful sunset as well, but you must be at the palace when it happens.
  • You get the view of three beautiful lakes at once, Fateh Sagar, Pichola, and Swaroop Sagar which is breathtaking.
  • The palace has featured the filming of several Bollywood and Hollywood productions, including Octopussy, Cheetah Girl, Dhamaal and Hum Hai Raahi Pyar Ke. The palace appears as the home of the main antagonist, an exiled Afghan prince by the name of Kamal Khan, in the James Bond film Octopussy (Louise Jourdan).
monsoon palace
View From Monsoon Place
Source: udaipurbeats

The most loved Monsoon Season is about to end and it would be the best opportunity to visit the palace. Don’t wait, make a plan and step out before it’s too late!

 

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अध्यापक की भूमिका क्या बस अध्यापन तक सीमित है?

अध्यापक प्रसन्न मुद्रा में, छात्र भी प्रसन्नचित्त, अध्यापक गंभीर मुद्रा में, छात्र भी गंभीर व सहमे हुए। यानी अध्यापक का प्रतिबिंब छात्रों में देखा जा सकता है।

अध्यापक का कार्य अध्यापन तक सीमित नहीं है बल्कि वह बालक के भविष्य का निर्माता है। निश्चित ही पहला दायित्व अध्यापन है। अध्यापक की अपने विषय पर अच्छी पकड़ होनी चाहिए। निरंतर अध्ययन कर स्वयं को अपडेट रखना चाहिए। कोई भी विषय क्यों ना हो भाषा के साथ समझौता नहीं किया जा सकता है, भाषा संबंधी अशुद्धियों की शिक्षण व्यवसाय में कोई छूट नहीं है।भाषा सभी संप्रेक्षण का मूलभूत माध्यम है,भाषा बिना सारे विषय अधूरे हैं।

अध्यापन के लिए उसे नित नए नवाचार व प्रयोग करते रहना चाहिए। विभिन्न बौद्धिक स्तर, विभिन्न सांस्कृतिक व सामाजिक पृष्ठभूमि के बालकों को एक साथ समाहित करना आसान काम नहीं है। ऐसे रास्ते खोजने होंगे जिसमें हर बालक अधिगम प्रक्रिया में आगे बढ़ सके, खासतौर पर प्रथम पीढ़ी अधिगमकर्ता जिन के समक्ष कई चुनौतियां हैं जैसे भाषाई अवरोध, अनियमित उपस्थिति, शिक्षा विहीन पृष्ठभूमि, भिन्न सांस्कृतिक-सामाजिक पृष्ठभूमि, निम्न आर्थिक स्थिति तथा सहपाठियों का असहयोग। इस वर्ग  के छात्रों के साथ न्याय करना आवश्यक है।

किसी प्रकार का नकारात्मक व्यवहार (डांट या पीटना या अशब्द बोलना) स्थिति को और बदतर कर सकती है और छात्रों के विद्यालय छोड़ने की प्रवृत्ति बढ़ सकती है। इन दिनों अध्यापक द्वारा शारीरिक व मानसिक प्रताड़ना के केस निरंतर बढ़ रहे हैं जबकि आरटीई एक्ट धारा-17 या सुप्रीम कोर्ट के आदेशानुसार जारी शिक्षा विभाग के परिपत्र के तहत शारीरिक दंड पर पूर्णरूपेण रोक है इसके बावजूद  तकरीबन हर विद्यालय में छड़ी लेकर घूमते शिक्षक नजर आ जाएंगे। सवाल यह है कि शिक्षक को इस छड़ी को रखने की आवश्यकता क्यों है। क्या स्नेह से बच्चों को अनुशासित नहीं किया जा सकता है?

राजस्थान के शिक्षा मंत्री का यह बयान कि समय-समय पर शिक्षकों को खेल-खेल में शिक्षा तथा आनंददायी शिक्षा का प्रशिक्षण दिया जाता है, इसकी हकीकत यह है कि सरकारी विद्यालयों में यह दो पर्सेंट कक्षाओं में भी प्रतिबिंबित नहीं हो रहा है। बच्चों को खेल खूब पसंद होते हैं, यदि खेल द्वारा शिक्षण करवाया जाता है तो कोई कारण नहीं कि बच्चे अधिगम में रुचि न  लें या कक्षा में ध्यान ना दें। पिटाई जैसे कृत्यों की नौबत ही नहीं आएगी। यानी अध्यापन कार्य रोचक और आनंददायी  होने पर कई समस्याएं स्वत ही समाप्त हो जाती हैं।

अध्यापक की भूमिका में एक महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका शिक्षार्थियों के चरित्र निर्माण की है। यह तभी संभव है जब अध्यापक का स्वयं का चरित्र आदर्शतम व मूल्य उच्च हो। अध्यापक के शब्दों व व्यक्तित्व में समरसता होने चाहिए। छात्र अध्यापक से अनौपचारिक रूप से बहुत कुछ सीखते हैं। छात्र अध्यापक का बारीकी से अवलोकन करते हैं, उनके पहनावे को, कार्य करने के तरीके को, संप्रेक्षण के तरीके को, अपने में उतारते हैं। अतः अध्यापक का अपने हर व्यवहार के प्रति सचेत रहना चाहिए। यदि अध्यापक ब्लैक बोर्ड पर टेढ़ा-मेढ़ा, ऊपर-नीचे, अव्यवस्थित लिखता है यही स्थिति छात्रों की कॉपी में देखी जा सकती है। अध्यापक चुस्त-दुरुस्त है तो कक्षा के सभी बच्चों में वही ऊर्जा संचरित होती देखी जा सकती है। मूल्य शब्दों से नहीं बल्कि अध्यापक के व्यक्तित्व से बच्चों में उतरते हैं ।अध्यापक में धैर्य व कठिनाइयों से जूझने की क्षमता होनी चाहिए तभी वह अपने छात्रों में इन गुणों का विकास कर सकता है। आज के छात्रों में न धैर्य है ना समस्याओं से जूझने की क्षमता, यही कारण है कि छोटे-छोटे व्यवधानों से टूट जाते हैं। आत्महत्याओं का बढ़ता ग्राफ भी इसी ओर इशारा करता है।

इससे जुड़ा एक और दायित्व है, अध्यापक को परामर्श की मूलभूत समझ होनी चाहिए। बच्चा गुमसुम है, उदास है या अत्यधिक आक्रमक व्यवहार करता है तो बजाय उसे दंडित करने के उसके इस व्यवहार के तह में जाने की जरूरत है। किसी प्रकार के असामान्य व्यवहार के निश्चित ही कारण होते हैं, ऐसे व्यवहारों के प्रति समय रहते ध्यान न देने या नकारात्मक व्यवहार से लक्षण उग्र होते चले जाते हैं जो परिवार व समाज के लिए घातक साबित होते हैं।

शिक्षण एक बहुत ही पवित्र कार्य है, इस की गरिमा बनी रहनी चाहिए। शिक्षक बनना इतना आसान भी नहीं होना चाहिए कि इसे अंतिम विकल्प के रूप में लेने के रास्ते खुले रहें। शिक्षक बनने के लिए आयोजित प्रवेश परीक्षाओं का स्तर इतना चुनौतीपूर्ण तो होना ही चाहिए कि सिर्फ उन्हीं को प्रवेश मिले जिसमें अध्यापक बनने के गुण मौजूद हैं।

डॉ सुषमा तलेसरा

सेवानिवृत्त प्रिंसिपल, विद्या भवन GST कॉलेज, उदयपुर

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History and Culture

Meena Community of Mewar

History of Meena Community

The information about the Meena tribe was extensively documented by British historians and anthropologists during the colonial period. Some of them are Colonel Tod, Crooke, and Russell. It is said that the data given by the above officials have been manipulated up to some extent. Hence it was observed that most of the facts and knowledge about this tribe were blurred out. Meenas during the British rule were classified as a criminal tribe under the Criminal Tribes Act: a notorious colonial law which listed certain forest communities as ‘criminal by birth’. Post- independence this tribe was moved to the “denotified list” from the criminal list and thus a path of growth was laid out for them. There have been numerous speculations around the origin of the Meena tribe. Although there is no proof of the etymology of the tribe but it is believed to come from the word “meen” which means a fish but consuming fish is taboo and hence this is not a reliable discovery.

There have been no efforts made to know the history of the Meena tribe event by event. It is important to know that the Meena tribe was first mentioned in 500 BC.  History claims that almost 18 km far from Udaipur city flowed the Maural river. On the banks of this river developed a city called Mauran. The citizens of this city are known as Maureja or Maureda. Some others trace the term Meena to the Mauryan empire and argue that Meenas were the citizens of the Mauryan Empire and that is why even today they are known under Maureja or Maureda. There is no written historical account about the Meena tribe hence most that is known is based on oral history.

 

The Meena tribe’s history can be traced back to events that occurred in the 12th century. When writing on the Rajput states, Colonel Tod made reference to the Meena tribe. He wrote an interesting story about the origin of Meena or them coming to light. He mentioned that the state of Narmer was ruled by a Meena. When prince Sor Singh of Narmer died, his brother acquired the state illegitimately. The actual successor of the throne, that is the son of Sor Singh, was still an infant. His name was Dhola Rai. The mother of Dhola Rai was extremely upset about the unfair treatment done to his son. One day she left the city of Narmer dressed as a man with Dhola Rai in a basket. She reached Khorgoj (Jaipur) which was the home of the Meena tribe. The tired mother started plucking and eating berries from the wild. As she turned back to her son, she saw a large snake. The scared mother started yelling for help. A brahmin was passing by and comforted her saying that it was a good omen. “That the boy will achieve great things in life,” he said. And eventually, as Dhola Rai grew up he was able to acquire his father’s land back with the help of the neighbouring states.

Socio-Cultural Association of The Meena Community

As far as the settlement pattern of the Meena Community is concerned, the smallest unit is known as Dhani.  Dhani consists of the houses of the members of the villages. They are a patriarchal society. The members believe in the origin of one known ancestor. The ancestor is considered as the founder of the Dhani. The collective front of these Dhanis makes a Meena village. The Dhani-based villages of the Meena community are found in Jaipur.

However, the villages of the Meena tribes in Sawai Madhopur and Udaipur do not cover the Dhani system. What Meenas call Dhani, Bheels call “fala”. The families living in Dhani are brothers and sisters. Hence, marital relations cannot be made. Generally, a non-Meena does not reside in a Meena-Dhani. The range of the houses in a Dhani is from 2 to 20 houses.

The lifestyle of the Meena Community

Meena communities live in a compact village. Their settlement pattern is not the same as the scattered villages of Bhils. They generally prefer to live near their cultivation land, thus resulting in compact settlements. The architecture of the houses of the Meena tribe is according to the hot weather of southern Rajasthan, the walls are made of soil and the roof is flat. Partition within the house is also made by the walls out of the soil and the structure has one entrance. The stock of grains and all the random commodities are placed in the living room itself. There is this open space outside the house where men spend most of their time and the women of the house live inside the structure. Along with the cultivation of food grains the community is also involved in poultry and animal husbandry.

The saga of the forest people of Mewar is an unspoken chapter in history books. The region of Mewar is teeming with stories of heroism, sacrifice, cultural richness and above all, the supreme love for the motherland. The contribution of the forest dwellers of Mewar in that story of bravery is no less. They have remained the watchmen of the Aravalli and the Dharmarakshaks of the highest order. They have protected Bharat and Mewar against all dangers. The Maharana Mewar Foundation gives an award in the name of Rana Punja to honour the exemplary contributions of persons of tribal origin. It is the sincere attempt of this article series to bring to light, the endless contributions of the Mewar forest people in the service of ‘Eternal Mewar’ and the timeless civilization that is Bharat, especially as we celebrate the Amrit Kaal of independence.

Vande Mataram! Jai Mewar!

 

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History and Culture

The Dharmarakshaks and The History Of Mewar

The land of Mewar boasts of glorious history, culture and traditions that have survived the test of time. The story of Mewar is a brilliant saga of the survival of ‘Swadharma’ and ‘Swabhiman’ against all kinds of attacks and invasions. The valiant Sisodia Rajputs who trace their ancestry to the Surya Devata or the Sun God have fought against all attacks throughout history and remained one of the very few princely states that constantly resisted the supremacy of the rulers of Delhi during the medieval period.

Sisodiya Dynasty of Mewar
Source: RajRAS

It is interesting to note, however, that it was not just the Rajput rulers who resisted attacks and fought valiantly. It was a host of other brave men and women who fought and made sacrifices to protect the honour and sovereignty of Mewar state. But for their wholehearted collective efforts, the kings might have fallen short in their sacred duty of defence of Mewar.

From the generosity of Bhamashah who provided Maharana Pratap with the resources of wealth to fight battles and the Afghan chiefs like Hakim Khan Suri who laid down their lives in Haldighati, to the supreme sacrifice of Panna Dhai who gave up her own son for her loyalty towards the sacred land of Mewar.

The histories of Mewar are loaded with stories of pride, loyalty and indomitable courage. One such contribution which has been continuous and enormous, from the beginning to the present day has been that of the Vanputras who have aided the Maharanas in many battles against the Mughals and have resisted independently against the encroachment and oppression of the British.

The land of Mewar is known as ‘Medapat’ in ancient Sanskrit inscriptions and manuscripts due to the presence of a ‘Meda’ community which used to inhabit this region in ancient times.[1] The region of Mewar comprises the present-day districts of Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Rajsamand, Bhilwara, Banswara etc. A number of forest communities inhabit the dense foothills of the Aravallis and act as the proud guards of Mewar. The most prominent tribes of Mewar include Bhils (link of Bhil Tribe Article) , Meenas (link of Meena Tribe Article) and Garasias out of which Bhils stand out in terms of their unparalleled contribution and bravery.

Uncanny Facts about the Bhils and the Guhas

Though the early histories of the Bhils and the Rajputs of Mewar are covered in some uncertainties due to the lack of availability of and research on inscriptions and pedigrees, it can be concluded that before the consolidation of the Guhilot dynasty, it was the Bhils who ruled large parts of this region. Col. James Tod, in his extensive classic, ‘Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan’ traces the origin of Guha or Guhil, the ancestor of the Guhilot dynasty to Valabhi in Gujarat. He tells the story of young Guha growing up amidst the Bhils after his mother Pushpavati committed Jauhar as her husband Sheeladitya, the ruler of Valabhi, died fighting while defending Valabhi against enemies.

The Bhils were impressed by his war-like skills and kept him in their protection as the Bhil chief Mandalika ruled Idar. Guha was declared the next leader of the Bhils when one of the boys cut his finger and applied the tika of sovereignty using his blood on Guha’s forehead. Guha then killed his benefactor to achieve the throne. Tod then draws the story further when he mentions the killing of the Kshatriya king Nagaditya at the hands of the Bhils and the recapture of Idar. The son of Nagaditya, who came to be known as Bappa Rawal was again raised by Bhils and two Bheels: Baldeo from Undri and Dewa from Oguna Panora performed the tika ceremony for Bappa Rawal using their blood.[2]

Mahakavi Shyamaldas who wrote the authentic magnum opus, Veer Vinod and G. S. Ojha who wrote his two-volume book, ‘Udaipur Rajya ka itihaas’, dismiss these claims by Tod as mere concocted stories or folklore which might not have a basis in historical evidence. Ojha argues that these stories of Tod are affected by historical inaccuracies and could have been based on Jain texts whose historicity is uncertain.  While Ojha refutes the claim of Valabhi, Veer Vinod agrees with Tod over the argument of Valabhi and argues that the origins of the Guhil dynasty could be traced back to Anandpur in Gujarat, based on a study of inscriptions.[3] Both Veer Vinod and G.S. Ojha agree on the fact that it is possible that Guha had a large kingdom stretching up to Agra as a large number of coins with ‘Sri Guhil’ inscribed on them have been unearthed from Agra.

Maharana Hammir Singh, Founder of the Guhilot Dynasty
Source: History Flame

On the basis of this, Ojha concludes that if Guhil was a ruler of such a large territory and had coins issued in his name, then it was quite impossible for him to have started from the humble origins mentioned in the Tod story. Moreover, Tod mistakenly calls Nagaditya the father of Bappa Rawal which goes contrary to historical evidence around the same. Besides this, the uncanny similarities in the two stories of Guha and Bappa Rawal presented by Tod also cast a shadow of a doubt.

That being said, the benefit of the doubt remains that the coins belonged to some other descendant of Guha with the same family name because both Veer Vinod and Ojha admit that the script found on the coins perhaps, did not belong to the time period of Guha. Moreover, this cannot be denied that there indeed was some close relationship between the early Guhilots and the Bhils due to many reasons.

Origin of the Bhil Community

Many branches of the Bhils trace their origins to the Sisodia Rajputs and claim Suryavanshi descent. Some believe that they retired to the forests due to invasions of the mlecchas (People of foreign extraction in ancient India) or the constant infighting with other Kshatriya kings, some say that they attained the status of Bhils because they committed the sin of eating beef and others claim that they were Rajputs who married into the Bhil community. All these beliefs point to an exciting inference, that in the early days, there was a very close relationship of intermingling and interaction between the two communities and community barriers were relatively fluid. We could also infer that intermarriage could have been commonplace. Before the coming of Islam, caste identities and community barriers in Indian society were less rigid and more flexible. Another marker of similarity is the belief in faith and worship between the two.

The house of Mewar is believed to be ruled by Eklingji, a variant of Shiva and the Maharana is said to be ruling on the behalf of the deity as his Diwan. The Bhils too have origin myths associated with Shiva and till today strongly believe in a Shaiva tradition. The story presented by Tod could have been historically inaccurate but it may not be absolutely deprived of truth. This is clear through the tradition which is so revered in the House of Mewar in which the successor to the Maharana of Mewar does not assume the title of Maharana unless a Bhil chieftain puts a tilak on his head with his own blood.[4] In this respect, the story of either Guha or Bappa Rawal’s childhood presented by Tod assumes some legitimacy.

Click here to know more about the Bhil Community.

[2] 1 Col. James Tod, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan 180-181 (Rupa Publications India 1997)

[3] 1 Mahakavi Shyamaldas, Veer Vinod248 (Maharana Mewar Historical Publication Trust Udaipur 2017)

[4]Eternal Mewar, http://www.eternalmewar.in/ (last visited Jan 23, 2021)

 

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History and Culture

Guni’s- The Ethnic Healing Hands of Mewar

Forest dwellers all over the world have had their own classified lifestyles. Be its settlement patterns, food preparation, architecture, community beliefs and even medicine and disease management. The forest dwellers of Mewar too, have had their own methods to treat and manage various diseases with the help of their plethora of knowledge about herbs. The members of the forest communities see this knowledge as the most reliable and something that they inherit from their ancestors. They believe in forests and their products to be the cure for almost all ailments.

With India having dedicated literature of Ayurveda, which accepts and preaches about nature being the solution to all physical inconveniences, it’s no surprise that forest people have had an efficient disease control structure. The traditional medicine system of the forest people runs parallel to Ayurvedic tradition as parts of the plant or tree such as the trunk, leaves, flowers, gum, etc. are used in some or the other way in terms of direct application to oral consumption for the purpose.

The spices prepared by drying the fruits, leaves, trunk skin etc. have been considered most powerful in case of some specific illnesses. The forest people who are engaged in medicinal talent in Rajasthan are called “Guni” meaning, ‘meritorious’. The etymology is based on the Hindi word “Gun” meaning excellence. These communities have acquired the reliance of people for treating them over the course of many years. The discovery of the role of plants in treating human ailments cannot be marked by a specific date in history but oral history tells us that plant-based medicinal practices have been carried out since ancient times.

Gunis and Plant-Based Herbal Healing

The usage of herbs by the forest people must have been accidental and the result of curious exploration. The “mantra uccharan”, bathing in holy water bodies, temple visits and contact of the patient’s body to the statue of god and goddesses, offering sacrifices to deities, feeding young girls and cows etc. was also accompanied by the oral and applicative use of herbs. It has been seen worldwide that traditional knowledge of herbs has been passed on through oral history.

As we were researching, it was seen that very little has been recorded in the literature and efforts are being made constantly in the direction to have more and more written evidence. It has been realized that it is extremely important to conserve this traditional practice as this aspect of the forest dwellers of Mewar needs preservation. The rural and forested areas of Mewar are well known and accessible even by the urban population, through oral communication, despite having access to modern medical facilities. Herbal medicines are yet to gain prevalence again. Known by various names, the classification lies where Vaidyas are the clan of healers belonging to the Brahmin community and follow precise Ayurveda whereas Gunis are a group of forest healers with their own methods.

Where Ayurveda is a more celebrated and developed herbal approach in India, the use of herbs is a continuous hereditary tradition in tribal communities. There is no certification or verification for the herbal healers from forest people and their services are limited to a particular region and community. Gunis have been termed exceptionally learned when it comes to plant-based healing as they are well aware of each and every part of the plant and its use to heal various ailments.

There is also no gender discrimination observed within the healer tribes as female Gunis have earned equal respect as the male ones. Herbs and their by-products are deeply rooted in their lifestyle and culture and only that seems to matter when it comes to curing an ailment. The concoctions, syrups, powder and tablets made from the leaves, flowers, bark, oil, fruit pulp, seeds, etc. extracted from the various plants such as chirmi, gunja, roheda, Sangwan, Haldi, Amarbel, Babool, Kali Musli, Datura, Morpankhi, Giloy, Ashwagandha, Rinjani, Khair, Kulthi, etc. have been used to successfully treat ailments like asthma, arthritis, infertility, gonorrhoea, syphilis, tuberculosis fever, malaria, cough, snake bite, herpes, eczema, kidney stone, external tumour, dysentery, epilepsy, piles, rheumatism etc. Nature for the forest people of Mewar is not just a resource, but an important part of life. They worship nature as a deity and have it positioned as something extremely sacred.

NGOs such as Jagaran Jan Vikas Samiti based in Udaipur, Rajasthan work in the favor of strengthening the institutional presence of Gunis. The data from the latest meet of the Samiti shows that Gunis do not believe in inter-community/ tribal discrimination as a member of various tribes such as Rawat, Kathodis, Gameti, Garasia etc. attended the meet to share their vows and experiences around herbs.

These Mewar forest dwellers made a significant contribution to that tale of bravery. They have continued to serve as the Aravalli’s watchmen and the top-tier Dharmarakshaks. They have guarded Bharat and Mewar against all threats. The Rana Punja Award is given by the Maharana Mewar Foundation to recognise individuals of tribal descent who have made outstanding contributions. In particular, as we commemorate the Amrit Kaal of independence, it is the genuine endeavour of this article series to bring to light the unending contributions of the Mewar forest people in the service of “Eternal Mewar” and the eternal civilization that is Bharat.

 

 

Categories
History and Culture

All About the Bhil Community of Mewar

Bhils and the Origin of Medieval Mewar (Bhilwara, Banswara)

The history of Mewar cannot be written without elaborating on the contribution of the Bhils. Bhils constitute one of the largest tribes in India and are found in the regions of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. The Bhils are a proud community of the Aravallis and hold an extremely respectable position in Mewar. The Coat of Arms of the House of Mewar comprises the Rajput on one side and the Bhil warrior on the other, together guarding the territory of Mewar. This signifies that it is the Bhils and the Rajputs together who have defended Mewar jointly against all attacks and dangers. The Bhils hold a position of high regard and over the years, have exemplified the motto of Mewar: “Jo Dridh rakkhe dharmko, tahhi rakkhe kartaar”; meaning: God protects he who defends Dharma.[1]

The contribution of the Bhils in the history of Mewar and its defence against invaders appears historically certain and backed by authentic evidence. As quoted by Mahendra Singh Bhanawat, the ruler of Abu around 1190 CE was Jetsi Bhil who lost his throne to king Bheemdev II of Gujarat. The descendants of Jetsi claim to be of Parmar descent. According to Shyamaldas, Dungarpur was established by Dungariya Bhil and Kota was established by Kotia Bhil. These rulers lost in battles to different kings of other states of Rajputana.[2] It is possible that they retired to the forests after these defeats.

The idea of a forest dweller is also a pretty tricky idea because those were the days when large parts of the land were forested areas and the chasm between the forest and the nagara/gram was not very sharp. The region of Bhilwara which is now an urban industrial centre was once a forested region with a large population of Bhils as is clearly evident from the name of the city. The mention of Vishna Bhil as the founder of Banswara is also commonplace. The royal insignia of the state of Kushalgarh also contains a Bhil warrior on one side and a Rajput on the other. The Bhils of Mewar resided mainly in deep forests of the mountain ranges around the region and agriculture, poultry, hunting, and wood carpentry are a part of their lifestyle. Their life is based on herbs and plants for physical well-being and existence.

Rana Punja- The Bhil Chieftain

 

Source: shunyakal.com

Perhaps the most iconic and popular Bhil figure in the history of Mewar is the Bhil chieftain Rana Punja who fought alongside the great warrior king Maharana Pratap in the battle of Haldi Ghati in 1576. Punja was awarded the title of ‘Rana’ in respect of his bravery and sacrifice. ‘Rana’ is the title which is used by the king of Mewar himself. This depicts that the king of Mewar held the Bhils and their contribution in extremely high regard.  After the battle of Haldighati was over and the Mughals were unable to capture Pratap, Man Singh, the Senapati of the Mughal army and other Mughal warriors camped at Gogunda to try their last attempt at capturing Pratap. With the help of Bhil and Rajput warriors, the army of Maharana surrounded the encampment of the Mughal army and cut off their supplies of food and armament and made them crippled for almost four months. Tired and famished, fighting the Rajputs on the way, the Mughal army somehow reached Ajmer where Akbar was then staying. Defeated and frustrated, Akbar sent a number of military campaigns but the Maharana pursued the tactic of guerrilla warfare in the thickets of Aravallis with the constant support of the Bhils and succeeded in decimating the Mughal army units multiple times.[3]Finally in 1582, on the auspicious day of Vijaydashmi, Pratap defeated the Mughal forces in the battle of Dewair where the Maharana permanently closed 36 Mughal outposts in Mewar and ultimately recaptured the whole of Mewar except Chittor, Ajmer and Mandalgarh.[4]Tod writes another anecdote of Pratap’s days in the forest when his family was saved by the Bhils who carried his young children in baskets, hid them in the mines of Zawar, and guarded and fed them.

In 1661, the Rajputs defeated Emperor Aurangzeb with the help of Bhils. In 1767, Ahilyabai of Malwa began to oppress the Bhils but it could not last long in the face of the constant resistance of the Bhils. In the eighteenth century, Marathas and Pindaris constantly attacked Mewar and the Bhils stood hand in hand with the Maharanas to fight them and defeat them on several occasions. The Marathas and Pindaris wreaked havoc on the Bhil population and tortured them in many ways. The period of 1805 to 1817 saw a period of the constant struggle between the Bhils and the Marathas.

Contribution Of Bhils In Freedom Struggle Against The British

Source: My India My Glory

A golden era in the history of the Bhils is seen in their independence struggle against the British when they became immortal names in the Indian freedom struggle. The ruthless attacks of the Marathas and the Pindaris had impoverished the Bhils and they then resorted to robbing and plundering to fulfil their basic needs. This was also a period of deterioration of Rajput-Bhil relations. The contemporary Maharanas had entered into a treaty with the British and lacked the courage, determination and perseverance of the likes of Sanga, Pratap, Kumbha and Amar Singh. The British officials pursued a cruel policy against the Bhils and treated them as criminals. The Rajputs remained complacent and distanced themselves from the Bhils as they considered themselves to be superior to them, having forgotten the glorious past of Bhil loyalty and Rajput-Bhil companionship. The Bhils, still fearless and proud, were left to fend for themselves. The acts of loot and plunder carried out by the Bhils continued to irk the authorities. James Tod, as the British agent in Mewar advised the Maharanas to employ British troops against the Bhils.

The British then employed the Bhils in the British army as a separate regiment called the Mewar Bhil Corps in 1841. The British Agents in Mewar tried to criminalize the traditional practices of the Bhils and often put pressure on them to pay revenues to the state which was strongly resisted by Bhil chiefs. The Mewar government increased taxes and imposed new levies and on the advice of the then British Agent imposed restrictions on the illegal levies that the Bhils chiefs had started collecting. They were also prevented from cutting grass, cutting wood, distilling liquor from Mahua leaves and accessing other forest produce. The British monopoly on salt and opium increased the prices of these commodities. These actions worsened the economic conditions of the Bhils. Extension of civil and criminal jurisprudence to Bhil regions amounted to interference in the internal autonomy of the Bhils. The British effectively used the Bhil corps to suppress Indian resistance movements like those of Tantya Tope. However, two Bhil gametis joined Tantya Tope.[5]

Continuous exploitation, worsening economic situation and cultural and political interference of the British and the indifference of the Maharana to their cause finally erupted in the Bhil revolt of 1881. The immediate cause of this revolt was twofold: 1. the census operations of 1881  2. The killing of a Gameti of Padona by a thanedar of Barapal. The real causes, however, lay in the aforementioned discriminatory policies and the oppressive attitude of the authorities towards the Bhils which reeked of apathy and superiority complex. The Bhils of Mewar in 1881, thus rose in revolt which was seen as a threat. The Maharana acted swiftly perhaps in a manner of condoning his past mistakes which had been committed at the advice of the British. He accepted 21 demands of the Bhils at Rekhabdeo and prevented the intervention of the British which could have resulted in ruthless suppression and a further deterioration of Mughal-Rajput trust. The revolts of the Bhils lacked coordination but some effective leadership was provided by Daulat Singh.

Govind Guru- The Reformer of Bhil Community

In the early twentieth century, there emerged a social reformer and leader of the Bhils in southern Rajasthan. His name was Govind Guru, a religious leader who called upon the Bhils to proudly assert their traditions and fought against bonded labour but also worked towards eliminating social ills within the Bhil community such as non-vegetarianism and the prevalence of alcohol consumption. This movement is known in history as the Bhagat Andolan. In 1913, six years before the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre, the British army killed nearly 1500 unarmed followers of Govind Guru in cold blood at the Mandalgarh Hill at the Rajasthan-Gujarat border. This largely forgotten inhumane massacre is known in history as the Mandalgarh Massacre and is often called the forgotten Jallianwallah Bagh of Rajasthan.

The Bhils were also inspired by Gandhian ideas which found momentum in the 1920s when the Non-Cooperation movement was slowly churning national consciousness. In April 1921, Moti Lal Tejawat, a Jain from Mewar launched a movement of the peasants of Mewar to express their grievances to the Maharana. He demanded a reduction in land revenue and administered the oath of Aiki or unity to the Bhils. This is known in history as the Aiki Movement. Tejawat marched to Udaipur with a charter of his demands with a group of 8000 peasants.

Most of his demands except some were accepted by the Maharana. However, he continued to fight for the rights of Bhils and other tribes and continued his resistance against feudal excesses. Some instances of violent attacks against state officials by Bhils were also reported. The uprisings were met with repression from the British officials who responded with force resulting in open firing in some cases and massacres in places like Valeria. The tribes under Tejawat continued to resist eventually resulting in the arrest of Tejawat by the Mewar Government on the advice of the British. The Aiki Movement was inspired by Gandhian ideals but like many other Gandhi-inspired mass movements, it also developed some violent streaks. The movement invited Congress’ attention to the cause of Bhils and Mahatma Gandhi himself praised Tejawat’s leadership. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel presided over the annual conference of Bhils at Jhadol in 1927. In this way, the Bhils and other tribes like Garasias contributed towards the Indian independence movement and must be celebrated proudly as freedom fighters.[6]  As we celebrate the Amrit Kaal of independence, it is very important that we remember and celebrate the Bhils who laid down their lives for freedom.

 

[1] Eternal Mewar, http://www.eternalmewar.in/ (last visited Jan 23, 2021)

[2]Lalit Latta, Bhil Janjati: Pehchan evam vikas 49-51

[3] 1 Gauri Shankar Ojha, Udaipur Rajyakaitihaas 443-445 (RajasthaniGranthgaar 2006)

[4]Raj RAS, https://www.rajras.in/1582-battle-of-dewair/ (last visited Jan 23, 2021)

[5] Dr. L. P. Mathur, Tribal Revolts in India under the British Raj 112-117 (Nehru Publishers and Distributors 2004)

[6] Ibid

Categories
Places to Visit

Best Cycling Spots in Udaipur

Everyone knows Udaipur is renowned for its unmatched beauty and vibrant culture. While being in this city you might have numerous experiences which you surely won’t forget.

And a Cycle Tour is one of them! It is the ideal combination of adventure and culture. It captivates you with the city’s rich beauty and simplicity.

The rides here are exciting yet serene, most with the view of lushly green Aravali range on the other side. Here are some cycling spot suggestions for you to enjoy!

Fateh Sagar lake

fateh sagar
Source : tripoto

Fateh Sagar lake is considered to be the heart of the city. And hence it has the most beautiful sunrise and sunset sceneries. Additionally it’s the best and most accessible spot for cycling. Preferably mornings are perfect to go on a ride because evenings are a bit rushy here. You can easily rent a bicycle here with very affordable charges.

Dudh Talai

dudh talai
Source : tripadvisor

On the Dudh Talai path, cycling is at its best with a whimsical view of Aravali hills and palaces built in the lake. There’s a way which is covered with immense greenery. You can go a long ride through that road covered up with foliage all the way round.

Badi Lake

cycling on badi lake
Source: travelindiadestinations

The Badi lake is situated away from the city rush. You must stop at this breathtaking location. You won’t be let down because this is a mesmerizing site. A perfect combination of hills on one side and a lake on the other allows you to have a memorable cycling experience here.

Rani Road

rani road
Source : tripadvisor

To have a completely bewildering getaway you shouldn’t miss cycling by Rani road. It is literally overwhelming to be here as it has the most prestigious views and lake by the other side. It would be undeniable to say it’s one of the go-to cycling spots for most of the locals and tourists.

 Udaipur Countryside

udaipur cycling
Source: thrillophilia

As we are all aware, villages are the first thing that come to mind when seeking peace. The countryside is undoubtedly the best cure for that and you can enjoy connecting with rural people and lifestyle. Then it’s possible that you’d like to go biking there. You can travel the entire way through the countryside near Badi starting from Shilpgram. You won’t be disappointed, we bet.

It is guaranteed that cycling in Udaipur would be one of your best mild escapades. There are even bike ride packages available and offered at various sites and agencies. You can book your rides from there. Else you can rent a bike and could go to these astounding sites on your own.

Categories
Places to Visit

Where to Enjoy Disco Parties in Udaipur

At times of celebrations, all that we want is loud rock and roll, coloured sparkly lights and a few friends with whom we can move our feet on and dance to our favourite tracks. So, we bring you a list of Disco venues in Udaipur where you can not only have a good time yourself but also give a memorable time to your buddies.

1.) Twist

Following in the footsteps of metro nightlife, Twist is a glitzy bar and lounge space with an enigmatic aesthetic. The lively music played by local and international DJs adds to the feeling that anything is possible in this place. The best part is that it has no entrance fee and the club is accessible throughout the week. While the evenings feature live music performances by musicians, the majority of visitors say the staff are pleasant. One may describe the service at this establishment as enjoyable. Overall, a good place with a chill vibe.

Address: Connaught Place, Shobhagpura, Udaipur

Contact: +91 8306231050

2.) Big Shot Udaipur

You will be lured to The Big Shot’s rustic atmosphere as soon as you walk in due to its chic ambience. One of Udaipur’s swankiest and trendiest pubs, The Big Shot, draws sizable audiences every day. It has fantastic music, delectable food, and a wide selection of drinks. Both the setting and the food are superb. The extensive menu will satisfy all palates, and the variety of drinks will without a doubt, quench your thirst. The lounge area gets even more lively over the weekends.

Address: Near New RTO, Opp MPUAT back gate, Sukher-Pratap Nagar Road, Udaipur

Contact: +91 9660550441

3.) Vegas69 Bar & Lounge

Had a busy week? Call your pals and head out to Vegas69. With numerous lights and neon signs, the atmosphere is rather jazzy. Additionally, there is a good selection of drinks, and the pub frequently hosts both ladies’ nights and Bollywood nights. Whether you enjoy dancing or not, the DJ’s incredible selection of music will get you in the mood. The service is polite, and the food and drinks are top-notch.

Address: 2nd Floor, above Mom & Me 100 Ft. Road, Opposite Old Ashoka Palace, Shobhagpura, Udaipur

Contact: +91 8829949809

4.) The Beat Town

Are you a party person? Or do you not enjoy going to parties? However, it doesn’t really matter once you enter The Beat Town. You will fall in love with parties because of their upscale and gorgeous nightlife! You can get anything you want from this amazing club. This glamorous place, hosts club nights. If you want to have a wild time with your buddies and you happen to be in Udaipur, you should go here. The Beat Town is a place where you may have fun with your pals. This high-end club gives you the best experience you have been longing for thanks to the helpful and kind staff that is always there to listen to you and laugh with you!

Address: Plot No.10, Balicha, Rural, Road, Goverdhan Villas, Udaipur

Contact: +91 7878632970

5.) Illuzion Bar & Lounge

It is difficult to resist the temptation of Illuzion Bar & Lounge when it comes to disc parties. With an amazing vibe, the place is keenly designed in a French architectural style. It brings about a retro vibe and adds a memorable charm to the night. The place hosts thematic parties that include Retro Nights, Women’s Special nights, and other such events. It is a fun place to be in when you want to experience an escapade from city life. 

Address: The Belmonte House, K 34, Airport Road, Sunderwas, Udaipur

Contact: +91 9950680044

6.) The Artist House

The Artist House

A stylish new hangout for creative folks opened in a building that was once a theatre but has been renovated and refurbished. The Artist House is the best venue to party with a DJ on Friday and Saturday evenings, which draws a hip, young crowd. There is also a bar area along with the pool. In addition to cocktails, a wide range of wines and beers are offered. The Artist House offers excellent food, a pleasant atmosphere, and a good selection of wines. Their disco bar takes pride in its distinctive drinks and food selections, which are influenced by royal family customs. As the sun sets, The Artist House transforms into a disco, with loud music, a rocking DJ and all the lights.

Address: Near Ashoka Cinema Rd, Thakkre Baba Colony, Surajpole, Nada Khada, Udaipur

Contact: +91 7357368222

Now, that you have the list of these amazing disc party venues in Udaipur, learn some funky dance moves, collect your friends and celebrate life without any reason.

How many of them have you visited? Feel free to share your suggestions or inputs on info@udaipurblog.com 

Categories
Social

All About Pacific University

Established in 1997 The Pacific University has left its mark on India’s academic landscape. The Pacific Society has been advancing higher and technical education over the past 25 years. It has established more than twenty-one institutes and evolved into a multi-disciplinary network of colleges offering advanced degrees in a variety of fields, including engineering, management & commerce, dentistry, pharmacy, education, basic & applied sciences, and research programmes (PhD) in all relevant disciplines.

With a massive, ultra-modern campus covering more than 100 acres of lush green vegetation, Pacific University is dedicated to becoming a centre of excellence in research. The campus features innovative classrooms, separate dormitories for boys and girls, laboratories, and libraries, as well as internationally acclaimed programmes. Moreover, it also provides innovative training, experiential learning, and high-quality education at affordable prices.

Mission Of Pacific University

 

All About Pacific University

Pacific University offers a holistic education that aims to help students grow both academically and personally. Their students are currently employed by 150+ global and Indian big brands and are living proof of Pacific’s stellar track record of helping students establish successful careers.

Due to its high OPD attendance and emphasis on giving students as much hands-on experience as possible, Pacific Dental College has earned the title of being the best in India. The Pacific University has the highest placement rate in North India. It has created new programmes that guarantee a high-profile job and the satisfaction of working in the highest-rated field.

The university aims to do the following in order to fulfil its mission and vision and move forward with a commitment to educational excellence:

  • to deliver high-quality education in technical, non-technical, and professional areas.
  • To build revolutionary, top-notch infrastructure to support quality education.
  • Encourage students’ propensity for self-employment.
  • Utilize the most recent instructional innovations while concentrating on the overall development of students through extracurricular activities including sports, cultural programmes, projects, etc.
  • To take part in community development programmes that are socially important.
  • to establish solid industry-institute partnerships for collaborations that will benefit both parties.
  • To foster the entrepreneurial spirit in the students.

Courses offered by Pacific University

Agriculture:

Course

Duration Eligibility

B.Sc. Agriculture

4 Yrs.

10+2 pass (Science+Maths/Bio/Agriculture)

M.Sc. Agriculture

2 Yrs.

B.Sc.(Agriculture)

PhD 3 Yrs.

M.Sc. (Agriculture) in Respective Disciplines

Arts

Course

Eligibility Duration

B.A.(Hindi and English Medium)

10+2 from any stream

3 Yrs

M.A.

Graduation in any stream

2 Yrs

MSW

Graduation in any stream

2 Yrs

PhD. Post-Graduation in Arts stream

3 Yrs (Minimum)

 

Commerce

Course

Eligibility

Duration

B.Com.

10+2 from any Stream 3 Yrs.
B.B.A

10+2 from any Stream

3 Yrs.

B.Com with ACCA (UK)

10+2 from any Stream

3 Yrs.

BBA with CMA (USA) 10+2 from any Stream

3 Yrs.

BBA Digital Marketing in Collaboration with Upgrade

10+2 from any Stream 3 Yrs.
M.Com Graduation from Any Stream

2 Yrs.

Diploma in Business Analytics

10+2 from any stream 1 Year
Diploma Digital Marketing 10+2 from any stream

1 Year

PhD.

Post-Graduation in Commerce Stream

Minimum 3 Yrs.

 

Computer Science

Course

Eligibility Duration

BCA

10+2 from any stream

3 Yrs.

PGDCA Graduation in any stream

1 Yr.

MCA

Passed PGDCA/BCA/B.Sc/B.Com./B.A with Mathematics at 10+2 Level or at Graduation

 

2 Yrs.
M.Sc. (IT, CS) Graduation in Any stream

2 Yrs.

Certification in PDNAIT(IOA-UK)

Graduation in Any stream 1 Year
PhD. Post-Graduation in Computer science

Minimum 3 Yrs.

 

Dairy and Food Technology

Course Eligibility

Duration

B.Tech (Dairy Technology) 10+2 (Science: Maths / Biology / Agriculture)

4 Yrs.

Dental

Course

Eligibility Duration

B.D.S.

10+2 (Science Biology)

4+1 Yrs.

M.D.S.* B.D.S.

3 Yrs.

Diploma in Dental Mechanics & Hygienist 10+2 (Science Biology)

2 Yrs.

PhD.

Post-Graduation

in Dental Science

Minimum 3 Yrs.

Post Graduate Certificate Course in Oral Implantology Minimum qualification of B.D.S or equivalent from a recognized Institution in India or Overseas.

1 Year Duration Course  

 Engineering

Course

Eligibility

Duration

B.Tech. (ME, Civil, EE, CSE, Mining)

12th (Science + Maths)

4 Yrs.

B.Tech.(Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning in Collaboration with Up grad)

12th (Science + Maths)

4 Yrs.

MTech (CAD/CAM, Structural Eng., Geotechnical Eng.,
Software Eng., Computer Science Eng., Digital Communication,
VLSI, Control & Instrumentation Eng., Power System, Industrial Eng.,
Production Eng., CTM, IT,
Production & Industrial Eng., Energy Studies)

B.Tech. or Equivalent

2 Yrs.

Certification in Data Analytic(IOA-UK)

with B.Tech.

6 Months

Executive Diploma in Game Development

with B.Tech.

6 Months

PhD. Post-Graduation in Engineering Stream

Minimum 3 Years

Other Important Courses Offered by Pacific University

  • Fire and Safety
  • Hotel Management
  • Law
  • Media and Mass Communication
  • Fine Arts
  • Pharmacy
  • Polytechnique
  • Science
  • Fashion Designing

Placements at Pacific University

All About Pacific University

The companies that visit the university present a variety of profiles from different industry sectors and functional areas. Pacific University students continue to uphold the college’s reputation in the business world by showcasing their abilities in competitions, academics, and job placements. With its attractive campus, cutting-edge facilities, and deserving students, Pacific University remains one of the top institutions for management education.

Key Highlights of Pacific University Placements

  • Most recruitment drives are held at Pacific University in Rajasthan, and it consistently breaks the placement records in Rajasthan.
  • After raising the bar, Pacific University has maintained the trust of its regular employers, who always trust the potential of students, see a possible benefit they will bring to their organizations, and therefore hire applicants in large numbers while presenting intriguing profiles. Each employer has significantly increased the number of offers it makes, and the average salary has increased substantially over the past years by 21.18%.
  • Profiles for Relationship Managers, HR Recruiters, Portfolio Managers, Education B2B Marketing, Media and Advertising, Digital Marketing, and Financial/Data Analytics are being offered to keep up with the present market trends.
  • The majority of students get pre-placed before completing their second year. Moreover, some of their alumni have also been placed overseas in many different industries.
Categories
Health & Fashion

National Nutrition Week 2022: Theme, Dates, History, and Nutrition Expert Advice

National Nutrition Week is celebrated from September 1 through September 7, 2022.

The foundation of a healthy body is nutrition. Through food, we try to get as many nutrients as we can. Every year, the first week of September is celebrated as National Nutrition Week. It strives to raise awareness of the value of a well-balanced diet that contains all the nutrients our body needs to maintain our general health. The Food and Nutrition Board of India, working under the direction of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, is in charge of the seven-day programme.

The focus of World Nutrition Week in 2022:

Every year, National Nutrition Week introduces several programs to target a specific issue. The topic for the prior year was “Feeding Smart, Right From Start”. This year’s topic will be focused on “Celebrating the World of Flavors.”

The History And Importance Of National Nutrition Week 2022 

In 1975, the American Dietetic Association (ADA), presently known as the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, created National Nutrition Week. India began celebrating National Nutrition Week in 1982. During this week, the centre plans several initiatives to spread knowledge about the value of nutrition and how a healthy diet can improve overall health.

In this article, we have compiled some professional diet tips to help you meet your body’s fundamental nutritional demands in order to kick off National Nutrition Week.

Diet Tips for Optimum Nutrition

National Nutrition Week

1.) Protein Rich Diet

According to expert nutritionists, 10 to 35% of the daily calorie requirements should come from protein. Indian men, on average, weigh 60 kg, while women, on average, weigh 55 kg, and both require 60 grams of protein. Hence, it is essential to consume eggs, beans, dairy, nuts, seeds, and lentils due to their high protein content.

2.) Healthy Carbohydrates

Most medical experts recommend eating starchy fruits, starchy roots like potatoes and sweet potatoes, and cereals like rice, maize, millet, wheat, and barley at least once a day to give your body energy and essential vitamins and minerals.

3.) Water

Water not only quenches thirst but also supports the majority of body processes. Along with other healthy liquids like coconut water, lemonade, and fruit juice, it is highly recommended to drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water daily. You can also add flavour to your drinking water with herbs and spices like cumin seeds, coriander seeds, basil leaves, and mint leaves to get that additional nutritional benefit.

4.) Fresh Fruits and Veggies

National Nutrition Week

Fruits and vegetables not only provide us with fibre, vitamins, and minerals, but they also provide immunity-boosting antioxidants and flavonoids that keep us healthy.

Besides a protein and carbohydrate-rich diet, we also need to incorporate some immunity-boosting foods to build our natural immunity. Mentioned herewith are the top 10 ingredients that you must add to your diet to boost your immunity.

Top 10 Immunity Boosting Food Items

National Nutrition Week

1.) Ginger

This miracle herb calms down the body’s agitated Vata (air component), which may be a common concern during the rainy season. It enhances the body’s capacity for digestion, which keeps you energized. Additionally, ginger enhances the absorption and delivery of nutrients to the body’s tissues, which is essential for guarding against colds and the flu.

2.) Garlic

Another superfood from the Indian kitchen is garlic. Garlic contains antioxidant characteristics that help to improve your body’s natural immunity and speed up metabolism. The most flavorful way to eat it is to include it in regular dals and curries. Spice up soups and sauces with garlic.

3.) Mint Leaves

Although it is normally advised to avoid eating greens during the monsoon, take mint as an exception. Try incorporating mint into warm salads, room-temperature lemonades, and warming drinks since it is a natural coolant. It works as a natural decongestant to fight the flu and cold.

4.) Moong Beans

This protein-laden item is prevalent throughout the year. Your health will benefit from the proteins, vitamins, and minerals it contains, which all work to strengthen immunity, particularly during the monsoon season. It will help you attain a balanced temperament by calming the air and fire elements in your body. The best way to eat it during this season is in the form of a pancake or soup with moong as the base. Moong beans should not be consumed uncooked.

5.) Honey

Honey turns out to be a blessing for people with poor digestion. It is a quickly digestible carbohydrate that provides instant energy. Many individuals may experience stomach problems during the monsoon. However, honey can aid in recovering from all types of flues throughout the monsoon in a smooth way. To reap its advantages, consume one teaspoon of honey with two teaspoons of lemon juice and one glass of lukewarm water first thing in the morning. 

6.) Jowar

Jowar is a simple carbohydrate that is high in iron, fibre, and vitamin B3, all of which are necessary for maintaining a healthy metabolism, immune system, and skin. During these cold months, you need food items that are naturally warming. You can use jowar to make porridge or Rotis.

7.) Bottle Gourd

This native Indian component is simple to digest. As a result of its high alkaline content, it helps to maintain the function of your digestive system. Having a strong stomach is extremely advantageous during the monsoon. There are a variety of ways to prepare gourds, including making poached koftas, using them in soups, using them in parathas, or simply eating them as a plain subji with chapatis.

8.) Turmeric

There is no better way to improve immunity than with turmeric. You need turmeric to ward off colds, flu, coughs, and sore throats. Gargle occasionally with salt water and turmeric. The two best uses for it are in regular cooking and in making green tea.

9.) Rock Salt

You must incorporate rock salt into your cooking during the monsoon season since it raises the pitta (fire) element in your body, which enhances digestion, which is often poor during rainy weather.

10.) Bitter Gourd

Even though it doesn’t taste particularly good, it offers a plethora of advantages. It contains a lot of vitamin C, which helps to strengthen immunity and has potent antiviral capabilities to improve one’s health.