Udaipur’s Lake System: The Interconnection of Lakes, You Must Know!

Udaipur is famous all over the globe due to its beautiful lakes. But did you know that these lakes are interconnected and maintain a remarkable channel system? One, if residing in Udaipur, must know how and why these lakes are interconnected!

When I first came to know that these lakes are interconnected, I was surprised and filled with awe. How can such huge water bodies be connected and made by the then rulers; this was the question I wanted to have an answer to. So, I went on for a deep search and came up with the following piece. Have a read.

Udaipur’s System of Lakes

The Lakes form a chain in the saucer-shaped valley of Udaipur. The inner Girwa plain of Udaipur is surrounded by the western and central Aravali hills, and its water drains into the Ahar (Ayad) River.

Some 425 years ago Udaipur’s system of lakes was considered a role model of rainwater management. As early as 1582, the Maharanas of the former state of Mewar started digging out Lake Pichola for gathering up bottom sediments and widening to make it suitable as an irrigation and drinking source. In 1890, Maharana Fateh Singh inaugurated a project that geography professor Narpat Singh Rathore of Udaipur’s Mohanlal Sukhadia University calls the “the world’s first man-made microsystem of river diversion, linkage and watershed management,” the result of which constitutes the current system of interconnected and gradually descending lakes.

Indeed, the rulers of Udaipur were convinced of the importance of water. So, they had built several dams and water ponds. These are evidence of reservoir engineering, developed at that time.

Prominent Lakes of Udaipur

The famous lakes of the city are Pichola lake, Fatehsagar, Doodh Talai, Govardhan Sagar, Badi (tiger lake or Jiyan Sagar), Rangsagar and Swaroop Sagar and Udaisagar, Madaar Lakes are major lakes in Udaipur. These lakes have served as a lifeline for many centuries for Udaipur.

Some facts about Udaipur, the city of lakes

  • Udaipur gets an annual rainfall of 640 mm.
  • Besides this, the city gets the runoff from the surrounding hills that the city planners had decided to catch and store in several lakes and tanks which feed the irrigation channels over several hectares.
  • Since all these lakes are interconnected, overflow from one goes to the next, making it the best example in rainwater harvesting and management. The water itself equals its level as these lakes are interconnected.

The creation of the lakes of Udaipur

In the mid-16th century, according to one legend, the beauty of the Pichola lake mesmerized Maharana Udai Singh, the then ruler of Mewar, who decided to build his new capital on its banks. Surrounded by Aravali hills, the site provided a natural defense against the forces of Akbar, who had captured Chittorgarh, the then capital of Mewar.

Udai Singh got a dam built on the Berach (Ayad) river to ensure an adequate supply of water for irrigation. The reservoir was named Udai Sagar and became the first line of defense against any attack from the east. Fateh Sagar was built in 1687 to collect the runoff from the surrounding hills for irrigation in the villages around it. The Lake Badi was constructed by Maharaja Raj Singh in 1643 A.D. for recreation purpose. Subsequently were made, the other lakes of Udaipur by the ruling kings of that era.

Besides these, there were 121 bawdis of which 83 have dried up.

How are these lakes connected: A glimpse of the best water harvesting system deployed!

Fatehsagar has a very small catchment of its own and is fed by Lake Badi, Chota and Bada Madaar. The overflow from the Bada and Chota Madaar merge with the Ayar river. The Ayar river feeds Udaisagar several kilometers downstream. The overflow from Lake Badi directly merges with Fatehsagar. The overflow from Pichola (and from parts of Pichola) flows into Fatehsagar, and the overflow from Fatehsagar flows into the Ayar through a canal before it enters Udaisagar. Below Pichola and Fatehsagar are numerous wells and bawdi (stepwells), which were the only source of drinking water, back then. With this web of lakes and wells, most of the rain falling within the Udaipur basin was kept within the basin itself, with very little losses making it a remarkable rain water harvesting system.


Let us now read a detailed description of how these lakes are interconnected!

The Ayad Berach

Ayad the mainstream of river Banas rises begins from the Girwa ranges of Aravalli situated to the north of Udaipur City. Ayad river flows through Bedla up to Udai Sagar Lake, in which it falls. It is the primary river of the Udaipur basin. Beyond Udai Sagar up to Dabok village, the river passes through a distance of about 75.5 km and is named as Udai Sagar ka Nala.

Subsequently known as Berach, the river runs for another 70 km towards the northeast and finally merges into river Banas, near Bigod in the Bhilwara district, which is a stream of Chambal river. In other words, near Chittorgarh, it obtains the water of Gambhiri river, then it turns northeast, and after running for about 190 km, it joins river Banas at the place known as Triveni Sangam near the village Bigod.

Lake Pichola

Lake Pichola was first created by a Banjara (Tribe), in the 14 century A.D., and later on, was extended to Rang Sagar and Swaroop Sagar and finally was connected to Fateh Sagar by Rana Udai Singh.

Spurce: benoy thapa

Water spread of the lake is 6.96 sq. km and it has a maximum depth of 10.5 m towards the west where the Kotra River drains into the lake. The lake is the main source of drinking water. The Sisarma River, a tributary of Kotra, is the major source of water to the lake.

It is almost triangular in shape with its base is along the City Palace edge. It was renewed and enlarged in 1559 A.D. The lake is extended towards the north and south forming a smaller lake, viz. Doodh Talai.

Parts of Lake Pichola:

Swaroop Sagar

Swaroop Sagar lake is sited in the south of Rang Sagar and it is a part of Lake Pichola. It was constructed during 1845–1850 A.D. The lake offers a combined water dam for Pichola and Rang Sagar. The lake also links Pichola and Rang Sagar with adjoining Fateh Sagar Lake through a canal. In monsoon, this canal is sometimes used to draw water in Fateh Sagar from Pichola Lake when Pichola reaches a high-water level.

Source: My Udaipur City

Rang Sagar and Kumhariya Talab

Rang Sagar has an average depth of 7 m, but its width is about 245 m, its westward expansion is known as Kumhariya Talab. Rang Sagar lake was constructed by Amar Singh Badava and is also called “Amarkund” after him. Constructed in 1668, it is one of the smallest lakes along the western waterfront of Udaipur and connects Pichola and Swaroop Sagar.

Lake Fateh Sagar

Fateh Sagar is a pear-like shaped lake situated in the north-western part of the city and almost in the central west of the basin covering an area of 12.88 sq. km. The lake was constructed in the year 1678 AD and then renovated in 1889 AD by Maharana Fateh Singh.  Although essentially constructed for the irrigational purpose, this water body has lately formed the second major source of drinking water for the city of Udaipur.

The main feeder canal of the lake comes from Madar positioned at a higher altitude about 15 km from Udaipur City. Lake Fateh Sagar is also connected to the adjoining Lake Pichola through a canal having gates. The runoff emerging from surrounding hillocks drains into this lake.

Udai Sagar

It is one of the largest lakes of the Udaipur basin constructed by Maharana Udai Singh in 1559 A.D. and named after him; this lake is situated in the far south-east of this basin. The lake was built by building a stonework dam on the river Berach. This lake forms the last lake in the chain of Udaipur lake system. The main source of water for the lake is a tributary of the river Berach popularly called Ayar which passes through the city of Udaipur and joins Udai Sagar near the village Sukha Naka. Besides this, several small seasonal rivers and streams arising from the nearby hills also enter the lake.

Source: My-Udaipur-City


This lake was constructed by Maharaja Raj Singh in 1643 A.D. for leisure purpose. The total length of the canal is measured as 3,300 m which are constructed for supplying water to the nearby areas, namely, Badi, Liyo ka Guda, Hawala Khurd and Dewali villages. The full level of the lake is 9.76 m. Almost no supply of water is rendered from this lake.

Source: TripAdvisor

Bada Madaar- Chota Madaar

Both these lakes supply water to the Fateh Sagar Lake located within the municipal limits of Udaipur City through Chikalwas feeder also known as Madar Nahar or Madar Canal.

Goverdhan Sagar

Goverdhan Sagar is the smallest artificial lake of all the major lakes of the basin lies in the south. The length of the canals of this lake is also scanty, extending over an area of only 3,750 m. It also receives water from Pichola through a link canal.

Source: Saurabh-Patwari-Photography


Aren’t you amazed to read about it! Our ancestors showed a high level of planning and development. Udaipur’s Lake System is indeed considered to be the best and top-notch system in water management and rainwater harvesting. Maybe, this is the sole reason why the city is greener, peaceful and beautiful even after being near the desert region of Rajasthan.

The information is curated from valid sources and is not fabricated under any influence or otherwise.

Some of the references:

Excited about Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017? Here is a Glimpse of What will happen this Year!

From past 5 years, UdaipurBlog is taking an initiative to celebrate a safe and fun-filled Diwali at a commonplace. This year to foster this legacy, UdaipurBlog is celebrating Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017. Every year the festival witnesses amazing live performances by various artists, a bustling bazaar with local finds and foods, art installations and fun activities. This is year too UdaipurBlog is coming up with a fun packed festival for the people of Udaipur.

You can be a part of the biggest Diwali celebration in the entire Rajasthan with 6000+ attendees who shall enjoy this year’s ULF 2017.

We get so many queries asking about the whole schedule of the fest. So coming straight to the fun part! The festival will commence at 4 o’clock in the evening on Sunday, 15th October 2017 at Shouryagarh Resort and Spa. From 4 pm to 6 pm attendees can enjoy fun activities and games, click photos and selfies with friends and family and have a gala time.

Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017
Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017

Post 6 pm starts the musical tour, starting the eve by local performers; we will take you on a journey of Sufi Rock fusion music. The band named Swaraag will take over the stage to enthrall you by the Sufi music paired with soothing tunes of the sitar, tabla, harmonium and other instruments.

Then, comes the most awaited performance of the evening- Papon, who will mesmerize us with his heart whelming voice. The ‘Moh-Moh Ke Dhaage’ artist will take charge of the whole soul of the festival.

Post Papon, a DJ performance to make you dance on the groovy Bollywood dance numbers. The frolicsome festival shall meet its end with Lantern Lighting.

List of Performers


Swaraag Band

They are a Folk-rock & Sufi Fusion Band. Swaraag Music Team has specialization in Indo Western fusion genre of music. They belong to Jaipur and have been performing since several years.


Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017

Angarag Mahanta is known by his stage name Papon. He is one of the most eminent Indian singers. He has set his feet as a composer and record producer as well and also runs a band called Papon and The East India Company.

DJ Kavish

Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017

Belonging to the City of Lakes; Dj and a Remixer, DJ Kavish plays different styles of music including Bollywood, Commercial Pop, Punjabi and Retro and knows well how to make you dance on the floor.

If you’re still thinking why you should be present at the ULF 2017, here’s a glimpse of the awesomeness!

You will listen to the best sound system – L-Acoustics K2 by our sound partner Mega Sound. The sound is sure to get you pumped up! You can get a lot of food items to savor from SpicySigdi. If you love the production then thank The Backdrop for it getting an amazing setup. Fan of the Radio 91.9 Radio City? Then be sure to make it to the festival to enjoy the best of LED displays from Bharat LED. The stage light partner is Ananta Stage Craft and set design partner is Shubh Beginnings. While our Merchandise partner is the Online partner is Witty Feed. Our Self Drive Partner is ZoomCar, and guess what! You can get a flat 20% discount on rides by ZoomCar during the course of the festival.

Our Print partner is Dainik Bhaskar and Digital Marketing Partner is Vivir Media. Celebration Mall is the Mall Partner and water partner is InstaQua. Beautiful pictures will be taken by Prakash Creations. Party props partner is Astronomia Shoppe bringing some of the best props for your pics. Our Associate Partner is Livspace.

Apart from these, you will have plenty of fun games and stalls to enjoy every minute of the fest. Mocktails, food, dance, music, ultimate pictures and loads and loads of memories till the next Udaipur Lantern Festival.

Until then,

Save the Date: 15th October 2017

Time: 4 pm to 11 pm

Venue: Shouryagarh Resort and Spa

You can also get all the info at

You can buy your passes online by visiting –

For Any other details connect: +91-8233191511

We hope to see you in the Udaipur Lantern Festival 2017!!!



Udaipur Speaks

9 Myths about Udaipur you should clear up!

Udaipur is one of the most beautiful Cities of India, but being in Rajasthan people have so many myths about Udaipur. So takes this initiative to clear them all up.

1. Udaipur is not a Desert:

udaipur is not a desert
Photo by: Tim Makins

Yes its true…!! Udaipur is a part and parcel of Rajasthan but its not at all a Desert. The only sand you will see in Udaipur is outside the new construction sites and no where else. Udaipur is a Green City surrounded by beautiful Aravali hills with beautiful Gardens, Lakes and Water Reservoirs.

Udaipur is “The City of Lakes” and “Venice of East” – Mind it…………!!


2. Not everyone wears a Pagri/Dhoti or Colourful Clothes:

men with turban - udaipur
Photo via:

Unlike in movies and mindless daily soaps Udaipurites do not wear a Pagri (turban) and dhoti or wear colourful clothes all around. Yes Pagri or Paag as it is called is a traditional wear but not a common wear among the citizens for their daily routine. It is only on the special occasions like marriages people of certain communities wear a paag or pagri.


3. Moustache – “Not every men has it”

men with moustache udaipur
Photo By: April Maciborka

It is not necessary that men from Rajasthan need to keep a moustache. Most men do not keep a moustache. Specially the younger men in their 20’s and 30’s love being clean shaved as other men from various states do.

So next time you see a  Happy Men from Udaipur with no moustache, then do not wonder if there is anything wrong with him – “He is just alright without a moustache and He is loving it”


4. “Balika Vadhu”

They Exist but only in TV Programmes.

balika vadhu udaipur
Photo via:

It is just a TV Series. Balika Vadhu or Baal Vivah is a thing of past and has no relevance in the current times. Udaipur is a modern City with strong uproots to tradition and culture but its far away from the misdeeds of past.

So next time you visit Udaipur and see a cute/pretty young girl in a traditional dress then please don’t misunderstand her as “Balika Vadhu” she might just be ready for some cultural fest and festivities but she is not a “Balika Vadhu”.


5. “Khamma Ghani” – Not everyone does it

Khamma Ghani
Photo by: Martin Harvey

Khamma Ghani and Ghani Khamma are not a part of daily greetings to the average citizens.

Yes its true and unfortunate that the famous Greetings in Mewari “Khamma Ghani” is not a part of daily greetings for most of the citizens. Hello, Hii and all other English slangs and greetings are what the younger generation prefers. But this one word “Khamma Ghani” has a magical impact and still sounds the most auspicious greetings of all times.

So next time somebody from Udaipur greets you with a just a Hello …. Hi… or Namaste don’t get disheartened.


6. “Daal Baati” – we do not always keep on munching Baatis

dal baati udaipur
Photo via:

Yes its true that one of the traditional food is Daal Baati and we love it like everybody does. But we do not always keep on munching Baatis every day. We have all sorts of fresh veggies and herbs which we eat regularly. Udaipur is no exception than any other place and we have a lot of variety to eat.

So next time when you come don’t be surprised to see people enjoying all sorts of food stuff from Rajasthani, Punjabi, South Indian, North Indian to Continental, Chinese or others.


7. We are Literates – “Yes almost all of us”

mpuat udaipur

The Literacy rate of Udaipur is high as compared to other cities of Rajasthan and India as well. We have the best of colleges and Universities since the time Udaipur was a Princely State and ruled by the King. The Visionary King Maharana Bhopal itself laid the foundation of providing good education to its citizens the MB College/Science College/BN Sansthan as we know it are all there since very long.

And Yes most of us can speak three languages namely 1. Mewari  2. Hindi and last but not the least English.

So next time when you visit Udaipur and see someone speaking fluent English or clear Hindi then possibly he is from none other place than UDAIPUR.


8. Jeeps and Bullets are not the ONLY Vehicles we posses.

udaipur bullet
Photo Courtesy: Photo of: Yaduraj Singh Krishnawat

As popularly seen on TV channels and International Broadcasts we do not just drive in Jeeps and ride Bullet Bikes. We have a lot more happening on the roads of Udaipur. The Roads of Udaipur are particularly better than most 2-tier towns of India and we have all sorts of Vehicles and four wheelers ranging from Maruti 800 to Land Rovers, Audis, Mercs, BMW’s, Porsche, Bentley and other High end sedans and convertibles. With almost all the popular two wheelers and four wheeler companies having their Showrooms and sales in Udaipur, Udaipur also tops the list amongst two tier town with the highest number of vehicles according to population.

So don’t be too surprised  next time if you see so many High End cars and two wheelers with their number plates starting from RJ – 27 , Yes RJ – 27 means its from Udaipur


9. Last but not the least

banna and baisa
Photo via:

“Not every guy is called a BANNA and not every girl is titled BAISA

Yes its true the titles of Banna and Hukum exists but not commonly every guy from Udaipur is called or titled a Banna or Hukum.

Dudes are many, but –

“It takes something special to be titled as Banna Hukum or Baisa”

Do visit once and experience it  😉


Also Read:


Article by: Ronak Chauhan

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