India gets a New Education Policy after 34 years

The Central Ministry on July 29 gave its approval to the National Education Policy 2020. As per the new development under NEP, the Human Resource Development Ministry has been renamed as the Ministry of Education.

The new National Education Policy proposes far-reaching changes in the system of education not only in India but also on an international level.



Starting from the foundational stage, children will be exposed to different languages with a particular emphasis on the mother tongue. The National Education Policy ensures that wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5 and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond also, to be in, the local language/regional language.
Under the new system, the Under Graduate degree will have multiple exit options. Students will be given the flexibility to opt-out of the course right after the first year. Students exiting a degree programme after the first year will get 1 Year Certificate.
If a student leaves the program after the second year, a diploma will be awarded and after completion of the 3-year or 4-year curriculum, he/she will be awarded the respective degree.

Further, subjects wouldn’t be restricted to students purely based on their educational background.

This means an engineering student could study a course in History while a humanities student can take Physics or Mathematics as a subject. This will be allowed in both schools and colleges.

Further, the M.Phil programme will be discontinued. Students can also do a 4-year degree programme, 1-year Masters and then directly go to the doctoral programme.

There will be a 5+3+3+4 system. Here, the first 5 years will be focussed on the getting strong foundational basics. Then the next 3 years will be focussed on exploring various subjects of education.

It is just a change in pedagogy and not change in the curriculum. From Class VI, students can also get access to areas like coding that will be essential for their academic future.

There will not be a difference between academics and extracurricular activities. This means that sports activities will be given equal importance as the other subjects like English or Mathematics.

As per the new policy, school students will also get an opportunity to do vocational education programmes from the Grade-6. Further, they can be sent to a local carpenter or artisan to understand their work patterns and skill-sets.

Instead of having different regulatory bodies like All India Council for Technical Education, University Grants Commission and other local niche entities, there will be one single higher education regulator.

This includes legal education and medical education as well. There will be an independent board of governors and a graded autonomy system will be launched.

By Neha Tare

A Content Writer at UdaipurBlog who has worked as a marketing professional for many startups. The post-grad in Advertising and Public Relations enjoys travelling, exploring, learning, reading and writing.

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